The Bretuo ne Tena family (Fantse – Twidanfo) is often referred to as “etene ne bretuo” because etene or tana is said to be a younger sister of the big Bretuo family. Bretuo is also said to be the sister of the Agona Abusua. According to Rattray, the Bretuos are said to have descended from the skies to settle at Ahensan in Adanse.
It is believed that it was a Turkey buzzard that directed them from the skies to settle at Behenase from Adanse.
According to the oral tradition, the first known ancestress of the Bretuo is Nana Asiama Guahyia. She gave birth to seven children including Nana Bafuo Antiedu. After the death of Nana Guahyia at Odaso which is on the present Oboase road, there was a conflict over her succession and two of her children migrated towards Akyem and Kwahu. Nana Bafuo Antiedu led a section of the Bretuo to Behenase and finally to Akrofoso. From Akrofoso they moved to make a final settlement at Mampong. The other brothers and sisters and their family that left for Kwahu settled at Obo and Abetifi. Those who left for Akyem settled at Kukurantumi and Apedwa but were however not the first settlers. They were offered a piece of land for settlement by the Asona families who had previously been there.
It is not very clear who the patriarch of the Bretuo family was.
Their totem is the leopard and their symbolic quality is Bravery and Aggressiveness.
It might be interesting to know that it is as a result of the bravery of the Bretuoba Nana Boahene Anantuo of Mampong that the Silver Stool was created by Okomfo Anokye, this stool was meant to be next to the Golden Stool of the Asantes.
If a Bretuo greets you the response is “Yaa twidan” or “Yaa tana”.
Here are some of the Akan stools occupied by members of the Bretuo family:
- Asanteman Kontihene
- Asante Affigyaasehene
- Abetifihene Kwahu
- Agogo Hwidiemhene
- Ahensanhene Adanse
- Kwahu Apaahene